Test Your Supplement Savvy
on drugs like warfarin or aspirin. Dietary supplements are not required to go through the same pre-market government review for quality, safety and efficacy
ADVERTISED THROUGHOUT THE MEDIA, DISPLAYED IN GROCERY STORES
as drug products. But that doesn’t mean they should be taken lightly—or without
AND PHARMACIES, AND PROMOTED WIDELY ON THE INTERNET, DIETARY
consulting your healthcare professional, especially if you have a medical condition
SUPPLEMENTS LOOK LIKE JUST ANOTHER CONSUMER PRODUCT ON THE SHELF.
3. False. It’s unwise to judge a product’s efficacy or safety based only on
Take this quiz created by the Federal Trade Commission to find out how much you
testimonials. First, it is very difficult to verify the accuracy of the account: Some
know about safely using dietary supplements.
marketers may embellish or even make up testimonials to sell their products.
1. A supplement labeled “natural’” means that it also is _________________.
Second, you can’t generalize one person’s experience to others. Anecdotes are not
4. True. Studies suggest that several popular supplements, including herbal
products, may provide health benefits. For example, calcium can reduce the
risk of osteoporosis, folic acid during pregnancy can prevent birth defects, and
there is some evidence suggesting that glucosamine may be helpful in reducing
2. Since dietary supplements are so readily available and don’t require a doctor’s
inflammation and pain for some people with mild or moderate osteoarthritis.
prescription, they are much safer than drug products and can be used to self-treat
Check out any health claims with a reliable source, such as the National Institutes of
illnesses without a health professional’s advice or supervision.
Health’s Office of Dietary Supplements, a public health or scientific organization like
the American Cancer Society or the Arthritis Foundation, and your health provider.
3. Testimonials in dietary supplement promotions give a good idea of the supple-
5. A or B. Talk to your doctor, pharmacist or other healthcare provider about any
medicines you take, as well as any dietary supplements you’re using or thinking
ment’s benefits and safety because they’re based on first-hand accounts.
about using. Though some doctors have limited knowledge of herbal products and
other supplements, they have access to the most current research and can help
4. Many supplements have proven health benefits.
monitor your condition to ensure that no problems develop or serious interactions
occur. Retailers or marketers can be good sources of information about their
5. Before you start taking a dietary supplement, talk it over with a knowledgeable
products and their ingredients, but bear in mind that they have a financial interest
in their products. If your doctor or pharmacist has a financial interest in the
A. Your doctor or healthcare professional
product, get a second, independent opinion.
For more information about the safe use of dietary supplements, visit the
The Federal Trade Commission works for the consumer to prevent fraudulent,
deceptive and unfair business practices in the marketplace and to provide
1. D. The term “natural” may suggest to consumers that the supplement is safe,
information to help consumers spot, stop and avoid them. To file a complaint,
especially when compared with prescription drugs that are known to have side
or to get free information on any of a variety of consumer topics, call toll-free,
effects. But natural is not necessarily safe. Although many supplements can be
1-877-FTC-HELP, or use the complaint form at
used safely by most people, other supplements, including some herbal products,
The FTC enters Internet, telemarketing, identity theft and other fraud-related
can be dangerous. Aristolochic acid, which has been found in some traditional
complaints into Consumer Sentinel, a secure, online database available to
Chinese herbal remedies, has been linked to severe kidney disease. And the herb
hundreds of civil and criminal law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and abroad.
ephedra has been linked to serious, even fatal, cardiovascular complications. Even certain vitamins can be toxic at high doses. And certain supplements have been found to interact with other medications in ways that could cause injury.
2. False. Studies have shown that some herbal products interact with drugs and
can have a wide range of effects. For example, St. John’s Wort can lower the effects of indinavir, a protease inhibitor for treating HIV. St. John’s Wort also may interfere with drugs used by organ transplant patients and drugs used to treat depression, seizures and certain cancers. In addition, there are concerns that it may reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives. Garlic, ginkgo, danshen and dong quai can cause blood to thin, which could cause serious problems for people
American Council on Exercise® is a nonprofit organization dedicated to empowering people to live their most fit lives. In addition to offering quality certifications and education for health and fitness professionals, ACE also protects the public against ineffective products, programs and trends by arming them with unbiased, science-based health and fitness information. To learn more about ACE, or how you can use or purchase Fit Facts, visi.
Electronic article surveillance From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For the use of the term Electronic article to mean an electronic version of a Electronic article surveillance is a technological method for preventing from retail stores or pilferage of books from libraries. Special tags are fixed to merchandise or books. These tags are removed or deactivated by the clerks w
Marc Kent, DVM, DACVIM (Smal Animal and Neurology) Simon R. Platt, BVM&S, MRCVS, DACVIM (Neurology), DECVN ANTIEPILEPTIC DRUGS FOR EMERGENCY DRUGS RESISTANT CASES Diazepam Diazepam ( Valium ) is not a new drug and is widely used in the Treatment Options emergency treatment of seizures. Diazepam is often used in hos- Several newer drugs are available for treating s