Microsoft word - occupational terminology.doc

Pharmaceutical & Medical
Pharmacy Technicians

Winnipeg Technical College and the Department of Labour and Immigration of Manitoba wish to express sincere appreciation to all contributors. Special acknowledgments are The Citizenship and Multicultural Division, Funding for this project has been provided by the Manitoba Labour and Immigration Adult Language Training Branch. Table of Contents
Introduction to the Occupational Terminology Package ------------------------------ 4 Drug Names: Generic/Brand ---------------------------------------------------------------- 5 Classify: Drug Names / Treatment --------------------------------------------------------- 9 Medical Abbreviations / Acronyms -------------------------------------------------------- 10 Pharmacology ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10 Aseptic Technique----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 11 Mathematics in the Medical Profession -------------------------------------------------- 11 Word Parts -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12 Diagnostic Suffixes---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 13 Diagnostic Suffixes: Multiple - Choice Test --------------------------------------------- 14 Prefixes and Terminology ------------------------------------------------------------------- 15 Prefixes and Terminology: Activities ----------------------------------------------------- 16 Anatomy: Body Systems-------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 Anatomy: Body Systems Matching Activity--------------------------------------------- 18 Cardiovascular/Digestive Systems -------------------------------------------------------- 19 Endocrine System, Female Reproductive System and Lymphatic System ----- 20 Male Reproductive System, Musculoskeletal System, Nervous System -------- 21 Respiratory System, Skin and Sense Organs, Urinary System -------------------- 22 Answer Keys------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 23 References -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 24 Introduction to the Occupational Terminology Package

To become a skilled pharmacy technician, you first need to learn the technical vocabulary (language) of the medical profession. The sections in this booklet introduce you to some of the basic terms of the medical language. Once you understand the language of pharmacists, you will be prepared to interpret and This guide mainly focuses on some of the essential terms in the medical profession, specifically for pharmacy technicians. Self-tests and answer keys have been included in this guide. The activities are meant to be completed after you have studied the corresponding unit. After you have read and understood the material you can try the tests yourself. If you score below 80% on the self tests, it is recommended that you go back and review those areas. If you would like to study more in depth, there is a list of recommended books and websites at the back of this package. If you have any questions/comments about this package, please contact: Drug Names: Generic / Brand
A drug entity has several types of names. It can be expressed by its chemical
name, its empirical formula, its generic name or one of its brand names. The
chemical name and the empirical formula are useful to chemists but too
confusing for most other people. Drugs are usually referred to by their common
(generic) name or by the brand (trade) names assigned to them by the
companies that make them. The following section will focus on generic and
brand names of drugs.
The generic name is owned by no person or company. An international naming
organization assigns generic names based on criteria it has selected for naming
drugs that belong to certain chemical families. A generic name is a common
noun and should be spelled beginning with a lower case letter.

An example of a generic name is acetaminophen.

Brand names are names given to the generic entity by the company that
manufactures it - often a "catchy" name that will help customers or physicians
remember it or what it is used for. A generic entity may be sold by many
companies, and therefore have many brand names. The brand name is
proprietary and no one but the company who registered it as a Trademark
(denoted by the symbol ®) can use it. Brand names are always written
starting with an upper case letter
Shown below are some of the brand names for acetaminophen, and the
companies which make each brand.

Brand Name
Some drug manufacturers are known as "generic" drug houses because they do not innovate drugs but copy them once the originator's patent has expired. They often don't bother giving catchy brand names to their products, but form a brand name from the generic name or a shortened version of it, combined with their company name. Examples are: Brand Name
Generic Name
Most drug generic names are actually two-part names - the active ingredient
(drug) and an inactive part to which it is attached for better absorption or
transport throughout the body. Except where it is important, the second part of
the drug name is not included in this list.
There are thousands of drugs on the Canadian market. You are being asked to
memorize the brand names for approximately eighty most common. It is
absolutely essential that you know these names and recognize when
generic substitutes are used. Your pharmacy preceptors on practicum will
expect you to know these, as will potential employers, who often quiz on
drug names as part of their interview process.
A pharmacy technician
cannot function properly without knowing these names and being able to
match them.

List of Drug Names
Note: This is an introductory list of drug names; it is not the full list.
List 1: Analgesics, Muscle Relaxants, Migraine Therapy, Anesthetic, Gout
and Gastrointestinal drugs.

Generic Name
Brand Name
Tylenol, Tempra, Atasol, NovoGesic, generics (In CPS is listed as acetaminophen/ caffeine/ codeine 8mg) acetaminophen compound with codeine Entrophen, Asadol, Novasen, Enteric Coated ASA, Aspirin Daily Lo Dose (81mg) Voltaren, Apo Diclo, Novodifenac, others Voltaren SR, Apo-Diclo SR, Novodifenac SR Motrin, Novoprofen, Apo profen, Motrin IB, Advil Toradol tabs, Apo-Ketorolac, others,Acular eye drops, Apo-Ketorolac, generics Statex, Morphitec, MS IR, Ratio-Morphine MS IR, Ratio-Morphine MS Contin (sustained release), pms-Morphine Sulphate SR Muscle relaxant
Flexeril, Novo-cycloprine, Apo Cyclobenzaprine, others Migraine therapy
zolmitriptan Zomig
lidocaine Xylocaine
Zyloprim, Purinol, Apo-Allopurinol, Novopurol Gastrointestinal
5 aminosalicylic acid (mesalamine) Asacol bisacodyl Dulcolax, Colace, Regulex, pms-Docusate Sodium, generics rabeprazole Pariet
Zantac, ratio-Ranitidine, others Zantac 75, others

List 2 Antibiotic/Antibacterial, Antifungal and Antimalarial drugs.

Generic Name
Brand Name
Antibiotics/ Antibacterial
Amoxil, Novamoxin, Lin Amox, Apo-Amoxi, others azithromycin Zithromax, Apo-Azithromycin cefaclor Keflex, Novo-Lexin, Apo-Cephalex, others Cipro, Apo-Ciproflox, Novo-Ciprofloxacin, others Cipro XL, Ciloxan eye drops enteric pellet capsules erythromycin base tablets Apo polymyxin B/ neomycin/ bacitracin (oint) or Polysporin, Polytopic, Optimyxin, others Antifungal
Canesten, Myclo Derm, Clotrimaderm, Myclo-Gyne (vag cr) Nyaderm, Nadostine, pms-Nystatin, Mycostatin Antimalarial
hydroxychloroquine Apo-hydroxyquine, Plaquenil, generics

Classify: Drug Names / Treatment
Directions: First study the lists of drug names. Use the drug names listed below, write the
drug name in the correct category. (When you are finished, check your answers.)


Muscle Relaxants
Migraine Therapy

Anesthetic Gout


Antibiotic/Antibacterial Antifungal

• Clotrimazole, Nizoral, terbinafine, Lamisil • Hydroxychloroquine, Apo-hydroxyquine, Plaquenil • azithromycin, Suprax, erythromycin base, Neosporin • dimenhydrinate, Gravol, domperidone, Motilium
• sumatriptan, Imitrex, zolmitriptan, Zomig • cyclobenzaprine, Flexeril, Novo-cycloprine, apo Cyclobenzaprine • acetaminophen, Aspirin, morphine M.O.S, Morphitec, MS-IR Medical Abbreviations / Acronyms

Helpful Websites
1.) This website has an extensive list of medical Abbreviations.
2.) This website has an extensive list of medical Acronyms.
This website is an excellent website for studying basic pharmacology.
Web-Based Activity

1.) What medications are prescribed for depression? __________________________________________________________. 2.) How many anti-biotics are listed on the site? ______________________.

3.) MS-IR is a pain medication; what do the letters “MSIR” stand for?
4.) What can be used to treat high cholesterol?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. Aseptic Technique
– The product that results from adding a drug to a parenteral solution
for administration to a patient.

– free of micro-organisms.

Aseptic technique
– procedures conducted under controlled conditions to
minimize the chance of contamination. The ability of personnel to manipulate
sterile preparations, sterile packaging components and sterile administration
devices in such a way to avoid the introduction of viable micro-organisms.
Batch Preparation – Compounding of multiple units of the same item. Not for
immediate use.
Mathematics in the Medical Profession

As a pharmacy technician, you must be very exact. Therefore, excellent
communication and mathematical skills are essential in this profession.
As a pharmacy technician, you will also need to be familiar with Roman
numerals, fractions, the metric system, weights/measurement, ratio, proportion,
percent, milli equivalents, Latin abbreviations as well as enlarging or reducing
Try these Math questions
1.) 1 is to 8 as 6 is to x, the value of the unknown x is:
2.) In the proportion 2/5 = 7/x, the value of the unknown x is:
3.) 0.3 x 0.2 = ________
4.) If the physician writes a prescription that directs a patient to: “Take 1
tablet 3 times daily for 7 days”, how many tablets would you dispense?
5.) The numereric equivalent of the Roman Numeral “viii” is__________.
6.) The percent 25% expressed as a ratio is _______________________.
Helpful Websites: Mathematics
1) Roman Numerals.
2) Metric System.
3) Latin Abbreviations.
4) Practice with all math problems! Fractions, ratios, percentages, etc.


Word Root: The foundation of a medical term. (A word root usually refers to the
part of the body condition that is being treated, studied or named by the term.)
Combining Form: A combination of the word root and vowel. A vowel may be added to the end of the word root to make it easier to form medical words. Combining Vowel: Connects roots to suffixes and roots to other roots, the vowel is often “o”. Prefix: A word part added to the beginning of a word to change or add to its meaning. Suffix: A word part added to the end of a word to change or add to its meaning Abbreviation: A shortened form of a word, usually letters. HEMAT+O+LOGY = (Word Root + Combining Vowel + Suffix)
Diagnostic Suffixes

These suffixes describe disease conditions or their symptoms.

Noun Suffix

These adjective suffixes describe a part of the body, process, or condition.

Adjective Suffix
-al , -ar, -ary, –eal or -ic Pertaining to
Vascular Pulmonary Chronic
The following suffixes describe procedures used in patient care.

Suffix Meaning
Surgical repair/correction Rhinoplasty -therapy

Diagnostic Suffixes: Multiple - Choice Test

Which of the following suffixes describes a condition of pain? a) –oma b) –rrhagia c) –algia d) –osis Which of the following suffixes refers to an inflammation? a) –uria b) –ous c) –emia d) –itis Which of the following suffixes refers to a flow or discharge? a) –rrhea b) –rrhage c) –rrhagia d) –uria Which of the following suffixes is used to describe an enlargement? a) –ia b) –megaly c) –pathy d) –ory Which of the following suffixes refers to a blood condition? a) –emia b) –oma c) –uria d) -algia Prefixes and Terminology
Prefix Meaning

Re- or Retro-
Relapse, Retroperitoneal Prefixes and Terminology: Activities
A. Matching
1. Anti-
C. against
4. Neo- D. four
E. beyond
F. excessive, too much
G. surrounding
H. within
J. deficient, too little

B. Fill in the Blank

1. The prefix Meta- refers to a _______________.
2. A prefix describing something fast is _____________.
3. The prefixes Mal- and Dys- both describe something that is ________.
4. The prefix Poly- is used when there are _____________ of something.
5. When there are __________ of something the prefix Bi- is used.
6. The prefix Hemi- refers to _________ of something.


Helpful Anatomy & Physiology Websites
1.) This site has a detailed description of each system. At the end of
each unit you can complete a quiz.
2.) This web site has animated pictures of each system, with descriptions.
3.) This web site has self-assessment tests, as well as activities that match medical
terms with lay terms.
Anatomy: Body Systems Matching Activity
Directions: In the space, write in the letter that matches the correct body system. A. Reproductive System B. Respiratory System
C. Cardiovascular System D. Musculoskeletal System
E. Nervous System
F. Urinary System
G. Digestive System
H. Endocrine System
J. Lymphatic System
1. The __is the major controlling, regulatory, and communicating system in the 2. The ___acts through chemical messengers called hormones that influence growth, development, and metabolic activities. 3. The ___ system consists of bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons and 4. The____ includes the heart and the blood vessels. The heart pumps blood, and the blood vessels channel and deliver it throughout the body. Arteries carry blood filled with nutrients away from the heart to all parts of the body. 5. The ____ works with the circulatory system to provide oxygen and to remove 6. The ____returns excess interstitial fluid to the blood, absorbs fats and fat- soluble vitamins from the digestive system and is a defense against invading 7. The _____produces egg and sperm cells. 8. ____ processes food into molecules that can be absorbed and utilized by the 9. The principal function of the _____ is to maintain the volume and composition 10. _______ is an organ, made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues that Cardiovascular System
Combining Form
Angi/o Vessel Angioplasty Aort/o Aorta Aortic Stenosis Arteri/o Artery Arteriosclerosis Arteriol/o Arteriole Arteriolitis Cardi/o Heart Cardiomyopathy Coron/o Heart Ven/o Vein Intravenous
Venul/o Venule Venulitis
Digestive System
Combining Form

Cholecyst/o Gallbladder Cholecystectomy Col/o Esophag/o Esophagus Esophageal Gastr/o Stomach Pancreat/o Pancreas Pancreatitis Pharyng/o Pharynx Pharyngeal Proct/o Anus/Rectum
Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:

1.) Angioplasty:_________________________________________________ 2.) Phlebotomy:_________________________________________________ 3.) Arteriolitis:__________________________________________________ 4.) Ileostomy:__________________________________________________ 5.) Gastralgia:__________________________________________________ 6.) Intravenous:_________________________________________________ Endocrine System
Combining Form

Hypophyseal, Hypopituitarism Pancreat/o Pancreas Pancreatectomy Parathyroid/o Parathyroid
Female Reproductive System

Combining Form
Hysterectomy, Endometrium, Uterine
Lymphatic System
Combining Form

Splen/o Spleen Splenomegaly Thym/o Thymus
Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:

7.) Thymoma:___________________________________________________ 8.) Hysterectomy:________________________________________________ 9.) Splenomegaly:_______________________________________________ 10.) Hypophyseal:________________________________________________ 11.) Adrenopathy:________________________________________________ 12.) Lymphoma:__________________________________________________ Male Reproductive System
Combining Form

Balan/o Penis Balanitis Orch/o, Orchi/o, Orchid/o Testis Urethr/o Urethra Urethritis Vas/o Vas
Musculoskeletal System
Combining Form

Arthr/o Joint Arthroscopy Chondr/o Cartilage Chondroma Cost/o Rib Ligament/o Ligament Ligamentous My/o, Muscul/o Oste/o Bone Osteomyelitis Pelv/o Pelvis, Spondylosis, Intervertebral
Nervous System

Combining Form
Neur/o Nerve Neuropathy

Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:

13.) Myelodysplasia:_____________________________________________ 14.) Craniotomy:________________________________________________ 15.) Neuropathy:________________________________________________ 16.) Arthroscopy:________________________________________________ 17.) Medullary:__________________________________________________ 18.) Intervertebral:_______________________________________________ Respiratory System

Combining Form
Adenoid/o Adenoid Adenoidectomy Alveol/o Bronchiol/o Bronchiole Bronchiolitis Cyan/o Blue Epiglott/o Epiglottis Epiglottitis Laryng/o Larynx Laryngeal Nas/o, Rhin/o Pharyng/o Pharynx Pharyngitis Phren/o Diaphragm Tonsillo Tonsils Tonsillitis
Trache/o Trachea Tracheostomy

Skin and Sense Organs

Combining Form
Skin Epidermis, Dermatology Myringotomy, Tympanoplasty Retin/o Retina Retinopathy

Urinary System

Combining Form
Ureter/o Ureter Ureterectomy
Urethr/o Urethra Urethritis
Looking back to the suffixes and prefixes section, define the following:

19.) Alveolar:___________________________________________________ 20.) Otitis:_____________________________________________________ 21.) Pyelogram:_________________________________________________ 22.) Bronchoscopy:______________________________________________ 23.) Rhinorrhea:_________________________________________________ Answer Keys
Classifying Drug Names:
Check the list for answers. (pgs. 6 – 8)

Pharmacology: Web-based activity

1.) Celexa, Prozac, Effexor XR, Paroxetine, Zoloft. 2.) 21 3.) morphine sulphate immediate release 4.) Crestor, Lopid, Pravachol, Lipitor, Niaspan,

1.) c 2.) b 3.) a 4.) c 5.) 8 6.) 1:4

Diagnostic Suffixes Multiple Choice Test
1.c 2 2.d 3.a 4.b 5.a

Prefixes Matching
1.c 2.i 3.f 4.a 5.d 6.h 7.j 8.g 9.e 10.b

Fill in the Blank
1.change 2.tachy- 3.bad 4.many 5.two 6.half

Body Systems: Matching
1.e 2.h 3.d 4.c 5.b 6.j 7.a 8.g 9.f 10.i

Terminology Definitions (1-23)
1.) Angioplasty: Surgical repair of a blood vessel.
2.) Phlebotomy: Incision of a vein.
3.) Arteriolitis: Inflammation of small arteries.
4.) Ileostomy: Opening of the ileum
5.) Gastralgia: Stomach pain.
6.) Intravenous: Existing or taking place within the veins.
7.) Thymoma: A tumour or mass within the thymus gland.
8.) Hysterectomy: Removal of the uterus.
9.) Splenomegaly: Enlargement of the spleen.
10.) Hypophyseal: Pertaining to the pituitary gland.
11.) Adrenopathy: A disease condition of the adrenal gland.
12.) Lymphoma: A tumour or mass within the lymph fluid.
13.) Myelodysplasia: A painful condition or disease of the bone marrow.
14.) Craniotomy: Incision of the skull.
15.) Neuropathy: A disease condition of the nerves.
16.) Arthroscopy: Process of visual examination of the joints.
17.) Medullary: Pertaining to the medulla oblongata.
18.) Intervertebral: Situated between vertebrae.
19.) Alveolar: Relating to an alveolus.
20.) Otitis: Inflammation of the ear(s).
21.) Pyelogram: A record of the renal pelvis.
22.) Bronchoscopy: Process of visual examination of the bronchial tube.
23.) Rhinorrhea: A flow or discharge from the nose.


Acronyms and Initialisms for Health Information Resources, Retrieved on
February 6, 2007, from
Anatomy & Physiology, Retrieved on February 6, 2007, from
Atlas, Marie. (1998). Mathematics for the Health Sciences. 14th Edition.
Pharmacy Tech Consultants, Caledon East, Ontario, ISBN 0-919469-04-3
Atlas, Marie & Faris, Audrey. Aseptic Technique Training Manual for Pharmacy
. 8th Edition, Pharmacy Tech Consultants, Caledon East, Ontario, ISBN
Chabner, Dav-Ellen. (2005) Medical Terminology. 4th Edition. Elsevier Saunders,
St.Louis, Missouri, ISBN 14160-0165-4

Flash-Med Pharmacology, Retrieved on February 6, 2007, from http://www.flash-
Medical Terminology, Retrieved on February 6, 2007, from


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Andrea Allen Ph.D. EDUCATION B.A., 1971, Washington Square College, New York University Ph.D., 1976, Psychology (Social & Personality), Stanford University PSYCHOLOGY POSITIONS (New York State Licensed Psychologist, #012971) Mount Sinai Medical Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry, July 2009 to pr


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