Diabetes Protocol for Madina and Mobile Clinics To detect diabetes mellitus in its earliest stages in order to provide effective treatment and to reduce the risk of diabetic complications Suspect diabetes if any of the following symptoms or signs Type 1: fairly obvious, acute, drastic weight loss, thirst, polyuria, smell of ketones Type 2 : more insidious, thirst, polyuria, nocturia, tiredness, symptoms or signs of
complications eg Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
1.VASCULAR, Heart attack, stroke, gangrene due to peripheral vascular disease 2 .EYES. Cataract, retinal eye disease leading to blindness 3. NEUROLOGICAL. Numbness feet (neuropathy) Confirm diagnosis with blood glucose meter RANDOM BLOOD GLUCOSE > 11.1 MMOL/L
DIABETES OUTCOME DEPENDS UPON LOCAL MEDICAL FACILITIES, PATIENT EDUCATION AND AVAILABILITY OF MEDICATION These patients need IV infusion and insulin to save their lives Enter details in record book and complete cardex register for diabetes HEALTH EDUCATION should be given immediately on diagnosis and reinforced at every visit. • Diabetes is for life. • Diabetes will never go away and if you do not look after yourself and attend medical check-ups you will become more unwell and develop complications of diabetes (see above) • Good diabetic care results in fewer diabetic complications • Diet: avoid sugar in any form eg sugary drinks;reduce fat content of food; • Exercise • Smoking STOP • Blood pressure control must be meticulous. SMOKING + DIABETES + HYPERTENSION = VERY HIGH RISK OF STROKE Are the symptoms of hyperglycaemia improved ie polydipsia, polyuria and nocturia If yes, continue with health education and review every 2 weeks. • For patients who are overweight, start metformin 500mg bd, with meals (no • If not overweight, start glibenclamide 2.5mg od 30 minutes BEFORE breakfast (THIS MAY CAUSE HYPOGLYCAEMIA AND SO INSTRUCT PATIENT TO EAT REGULAR MEALS THROUGHOUT THE DAY). Check Blood Pressure and treat if > 140/90 as per hypertension protocol Nurse sees patient every 2 weeks for medical review, BP recording, and medication
Check symptoms and compliance at each visit. If symptoms of hyperglycaemia persist • Metformin can be increased to 1g bd • Glibenclamide can be increased to 5mg od then 10mg od. Maximum 15mg od • Metformin and glibenclamide are to be prescribed together is still poor diabetic control (for further guidance refer to BNF or MIMS) • Examples • Patient is on metformin 1gm bd. Patient still has symptoms hyperglycaemia, so, add glibenclamide 2.5 mg od and increase glibenclamide to maximum of 15mg od if necessary. • Patient is on glibenclamide 15mg od. Patient still has symptoms of hyperglycaemia,so,add metformin 500mg bd and increase metformin to maximum of 1gm bd if necessary • If despite all of this, patient remains hyperglycaemic, refer to local hospital for consideration of insulin treatment to control blood sugars. Reinforce lifestyle advice at each visit It is important to examine feet for ulcers or gangrene, enquire about visual symptoms All records on clinic cardex system (computer database in the future) The diabetes clinic is to run on Fridays and as with the hypertension clinic, attendances for the clinic are to be recorded on a clip board sheet.


Microsoft word - intervenção_revista segurança e defesa

DISCURSO DO MINISTRO DA DEFESA NACIONAL JOSÉ PEDRO AGUIAR-BRANCO Almoço-debate Revista Segurança e Defesa Lisboa, 01 de Fevereiro de 2012 Só serão válidas as palavras proferidas pelo orador Tenho defendido, em todos os fóruns em que tenho participado, que a solução para a crise que vivemos - para o equilíbrio das nossas contas públicas - não está, apenas, na noss

Practice Management Issues for the Physician Assistant: Evaluation and Management Chart Note Exercises EXAMPLE # 15: New Patient Patient: Problem List : 1. Type 2 diabetes, recent diagnosis. 2. Hypercholesterolemia. 3. S/P TAH/BSO 1976. Meds: 1. Avandamet 500/4 bid . 2. Zocor 20 mg daily. Allergies: Aspirin (itching). Social History: Nonsmoker, nondrinker. Married, no c

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